Conditions: Chronic bronchitis, emphysema, familial emphysema Source: NHLBI Chronic bronchitis, one of the two major diseases of the lung grouped under COPD, is diagnosed when a patient has excessive airway mucus secretion leading to a persistent, productive cough. It makes it difficult to breathe and cuts the amount of oxygen in your blood. One main difference between chronic bronchitis and emphysema is that chronic bronchitis refers to a health diagnosis—someone who has a chronic cough with mucous production every day for at least three months, for two years in a row. There are two conditions that contribute to COPD: emphysema and chronic bronchitis. When the air sacs in your lungs (alveoli) are damaged, that’s emphysema. Click card to see definition . But if you’ve had the symptoms of bronchitis off and on for at least 2 years, your bronchitis is considered chronic. At first, you may have it only after you’ve been active. Which of the following are true statements regarding chronic bronchitis and emphysema? Airway inflammation and mucus formation. If inhaling cigarette smoke and other irritants mainly damages your breathing tubes, then the airways become red and swell … COPD and Heart Failure: What's the Difference? Emphysema is generally caused by cigarette smoking or long-term exposure to certain industrial pollutants or dusts. The figure below shows that the breathing tubes (airways) divide many times and end in air sacs (alveoli). But there are some key differences between the two. Your odds of both go up after you turn 40, as well. -Both cause tissue degeneration and airway obstruction. This can be a sign that you have COPD. A dietitian can give you advice on getting to a healthy weight, which can make it easier to breathe. As the disease progresses, daily activities become more difficult. Over time though, emphysema can make it hard to breathe even when you’re at rest. But you may be able to lower your odds of chronic bronchitis. Patients with chronic bronchitis have the ability to fully exhale but have limited airflow. Most of the time, chronic bronchitis and emphysema are a product of lung damage that results from long-term exposure to airborne irritants and toxins. D. Patients with chronic bronchitis are sometimes referred to as … Which of these factors may influence the development of COPD? A) Inhaled steroids work locally within the bronchioles to reduce inflammation. Most people with emphysema have chronic bronchitis, too. Gravity. Q 41 . Emphysema is not a curable disease, once lung damage has occurred; it cannot be reversed. The same tests are used to spot chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Chronic bronchitis has a clinical definition of cough productive of sputum on most days for at least 3 months of the year for more than 1 year. Merck Manual: “Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (Chronic Bronchitis; Emphysema).”, Mayo Clinic: “COPD,” Bronchitis,” “Emphysema.”, University of California, San Francisco: “Chronic Bronchitis Diagnosis,” “Chronic Bronchitis Treatment.”. a. The name ” chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ,” or COPD refers to a set of breathing problemssevere and irreversible. Patients with chronic bronchitis have the ability to fully exhale but have limited airflow. Air pollution and other pollutants, like chemical fumes, can also raise your chances of emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema . Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are the two conditions that contribute to COPD. Select ALL the options that are TRUE about chronic bronchitis and emphysema: A. 2 The destruction is widespread and irreversible. COPD consists of two types: chronic bronchitis and emphysema. On the other hand, emphysema is a term that refers to the actual damage to the air sacs in the lung, called the alveoli. Chronic Bronchitis - Yes. Symptoms of emphysema and chronic bronchitis may include: Shortness of breath, especially during physical activities; Wheezing; Chest tightness; Having to clear your throat every morning after waking up, due to excess mucus in your lungs ; A chronic cough that may … Which statement explains the development of respiratory acidosis with chronic bronchitis? To help do that: To treat chronic bronchitis, your doctor may recommend: Emphysema can’t be cured. Which statement explains the effects of the breakdown of the alveolar wall? A person with which of the following is most likely to require supplemental oxygen in later stages? This can cause the walls of the air sacs to become weak, and maybe break. Both conditions have similar … Some can help keep the condition from getting worse. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are both different types of a lung disorder known as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). If you have regular breathing problems, your doctor may recommend a: If your team thinks you have emphysema, they might order a blood test that can show them how well your lungs move oxygen and carbon dioxide in and out of your bloodstream. Test bank Questions and Answers of Chapter 12: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), Chronic Bronchitis, and Emphysema -Hyperinflated lungs flatten the diaphragm. In rare cases, emphysema can be caused by a genetic condition called alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency. Emphysema is usually present in smokers. Cigarette smoke is the biggest cause of both emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Since these conditions make up COPD, smoking is the leading cause of COPD, too. Chronic gastric reflux, which irritates your throat, can contribute to chronic bronchitis, but not emphysema. Both cause breathing problems, so it can be hard to tell them apart. Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts, Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter, What Is Chronic Bronchitis? A smoker’s chances are far higher of dying from lung cancer than COPD. You can’t undo damage to your alveoli. Symptoms rarely begin before middle age. Which symptoms are characteristic of more advanced COPD? Chest radiograph score of emphysema was higher, chest radiograph score of chronic bronchitis was lower, and the number of sputum lymphocytes was increased in patients with emphysema… Polycythemia results from a compensatory mechanism. But there are treatments that can help you breathe easier. Fatigue. The number one cause of COPD or emphysema, is smoking, and smoking is the third leading cause … That’s why emphysema usually becomes worse over time. The main sign of emphysema is shortness of breath. Chronic Bronchitis. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are the two most common conditions that contribute to COPD. -Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are progressive diseases. Cigarette smoke is the most common cause of lung damage in COPD. Arterial carbon dioxide levels increase as oxygen levels decrease, leading to respiratory acidosis. The death rate from COPD is increasing, with elderly men the most affected. In some ways it can be analagous to the five blind men who had hold of different parts of the elephant. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disease that makes your lungs inflamed. It has been estimated that 28 million people have COPD, although only 50% have been diagnosed. In bronchitis, coughing is an early symptom, while in emphysema, the cough occurs later. Which statement describes the function of proteases? -Cigarette smoke causes the bronchioles to spasm. These are some differences between the two presentations: Emphysema –Pink puffer – Over ventilator – Barrel chested and tripod stance – Exertion based dyspnea – Under weight. People with chronic bronchitis have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This brings a “wet” cough that lasts at least 3 months. Certain characteristics allow differentiation between disease that is predominantly chronic bronchitis and that which is predominantly emphysema. Which statements accurately describe the development of "air hunger" in emphysema? This is a quiz that will test your knowledge on the differences between chronic bronchitis and emphysema. BS can cause emphysema and chronic bronchitis similar to that caused by CS, which is accompanied by systemic oxidative stress and inflammation. 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