Learn more from the. For example, a visit to the oncologist may cost a patient $30 each time; the insurance provider pays the rest of the visit's costs. This is a type of private health insurance in which a person visits a doctor, submits a claim form, and the insurance plan pays the bill using a co-insurance structure. More than half of new cases of cancer in males are prostate, lung or bowel cancer, 2015-2017, UK. In the U.S., cancer is the second most common cause of death after heart disease. This allows a higher dose of radiation to be placed in or near the tumor. Cancer is more curable when detected early. Contents Introduction List of Abbreviations List of Acronyms of Cancer Organisations The Female Reproductive Organs Combined List of Abbreviations and Acronyms Introduction. The process of checking whether a person has a disease or has an increased chance of developing a disease when the person has no symptoms. Depending on the plan, care can be given in the home or outside the home. Endocrine Therapy (see Hormone Therapy) Endometrial Cancer Cancer of the endometrium (the lining of the uterus). A measure of the number of times out of 100 (similar to a percentage) that test results will be within a specified range. So, there are five of the cancer terms that are very frequently used and have different meanings in the medical or scientific context than they do in everyday language. Find additional information at HealthCare.gov. Somewhere between 1.5 and 2 million people are diagnosed worldwide with cancer, and it is an extremely lethal disease. Tongue cancer usually develops in the squamous cells, which are the thin, flat cells that cover the surface of the tongue. The amount a person or company pays each month to keep insurance coverage. Most common in females More than half of new cases of cancer in females are breast, lung or bowel cancer, 2015-2017, UK. The average cost for health services in a geographic area that insurance plans use to decide how much they will pay for those services. Learn more about sarcoma. For instance, an oncologist is a doctor who specializes in treating cancer. Lung cancer is the most common cancer in men and women, approximately 220,000 diagnoses per year in the US. Treatment that targets specific genes, proteins, or other molecules that contribute to cancer growth and survival. Treatment given after the main treatment to reduce the chance of cancer coming back by destroying any remaining cancer cells. common terms for patient communication. The five main types of oncologists are medical, surgical, radiation, gynecologic, and pediatric oncologists. ; There are over 200 types of cancer. The use of natural, synthetic (made in a laboratory), or biologic (from a living source) substances to reverse, slow down, or prevent the development of cancer. 1. The number of new instances of a disease or condition in a particular population during a specific period. Includes living wills and do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders. Edema Excess fluid in body tissues that causes swelling. It requires employers to make reasonable accommodations in the workplace for qualified individuals with a disability. Bladder Cancer; Breast Cancer; Colorectal Cancer; Kidney (Renal Cell) Cancer; Leukemia; Liver Cancer; Lung Cancer; Lymphoma; Pancreatic Cancer; Prostate Cancer; Skin Cancer; Thyroid Cancer; Uterine Cancer; All Cancer Types. Recommended terms identified include the following: “Biomarker testing” to discuss tests that identify characteristics, targetable findings, or other test results originating from malignant tissue or blood. will minimize patient confusion about testing. The middle value of a set of numbers, calculated by adding all of the values and dividing by the number of values in the set. Learn more about, Often called “health care reform,” this is a 2010 federal law that changed certain rules regarding health insurance coverage in the United States. This is often used in conjunction with a survivorship care plan (see above) to help monitor a survivor’s long-term health. A request made to an insurance company to pay for services covered by a patient’s policy. It’s the main way to diagnose cancer. Any expense not covered by insurance that a patient must pay. Benign: Noncancerous. Both programs are administered by the Social Security Administration. Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells anywhere in a body. “Regional recurrence” refers to cancer that has come back in the lymph nodes or other tissues near the original cancer site, usually by direct spread. Embryonal Tumors, Medulloblastoma and Other Central Nervous System, Childhood (Brain Cancer) Endometrial Cancer (Uterine Cancer) Ependymoma, Childhood (Brain Cancer) Esophageal Cancer; Esthesioneuroblastoma (Head and Neck Cancer) Ewing Sarcoma (Bone Cancer) Extracranial Germ Cell Tumor, Childhood; Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumor; Eye Cancer Intraocular Melanoma It requires employers to make reasonable accommodations in the workplace for qualified individuals with a disability. It states the goals and timeline of the study, who is eligible to participate, what treatments and tests will be given and how often, and what information will be gathered. “Local recurrence” means that the cancer has come back to the same general area where the original cancer was located. Services and resources that help a person with cancer obtain the best physical, social, psychological, and work-related functioning during and after cancer treatment. Some names for tumors of this type would be: adenocarcinoma of the prostate, adenocarcinoma of the lung, gastric adenocarcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma (what organ is involved? Insurance benefits your employer, union, or other group provides to pay for health care services. Cancer is more curable when detected early. Brachytherapy: Radiation therapy that is the process of placing a radioactive substance close to a tumor either through a body cavity or an incision in the skin. Trusted, compassionate information for people with cancer and their families and caregivers, from the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), the voice of the world’s cancer physicians and oncology professionals. Find out more about the current use of placebos in cancer clinical trials. When radiation treatment is given using implants near the cancer cells, it is called internal radiation therapy or brachytherapy. Stomach (783 000 deaths) 4. This term often describes stage I and stage II breast cancer. Increasing age is the most common risk factor for developing breast cancer, with 66% of breast cancer patients being diagnosed after the age of 55. Cancer & Medical Terminology. This term can be used for an individual or for a group of people within a study. Learn more about, Cancer that has returned after a period during which the cancer could not be detected. Cancer that has returned after a period during which the cancer could not be detected. While some may be familiar, knowing the precise meaning can give you, your family and loved ones, a better understanding of your diagnosis. biomarker, genetic, and genomic testing are used in cancer patient. Learn more from the Department of Health and Human Services. In the US, breast cancer is the second-leading cause of cancer death in women after lung cancer , and it's the leading cause of cancer … In PPOs, patients typically do not need a referral for specialist care. Childhood cancers are different to the cancers that occur in adults – dedicated research is needed. At a medical center, a case manager may provide a wide range of services for patients that may include managing treatment plans, coordinating health insurance approvals, and locating support services. According to the Affordable Care Act, plans offered in small group and individual markets must provide items and services in at least 10 categories for the plan to be certified and offered in the health care exchanges. Each has specific medical requirements that a person must meet before getting these benefits. This term is also usually used in the context of scientific research. It is a measurement used to indicate the reliability of an estimate. The most common type of radiation treatment is called external-beam radiation therapy, which is radiation given from a machine outside the body. “Regional recurrence” refers to cancer that has come back in the lymph nodes or other tissues near the original cancer site, usually by direct spread. Common Terms in Cancer Data. Costs that are related to a cancer diagnosis but not specifically due to medical care given to treat the disease; also called non-medical costs. Patients may be responsible for some or all of these costs. Don't get lost in the jargon. At least 33 terms. Develop a, Treatment that targets specific genes, proteins, or other molecules that contribute to cancer growth and survival. Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States. Learn more about, A cancer that develops in the tissues that support and connect the body, such as fat and muscle. Below is an example of one common method of staging: stage 0 – indicates that the cancer is where it started (in situ) and hasn't spread ; stage I – the cancer is small and hasn't spread anywhere else ; stage II – the cancer has grown, but hasn't spread ... Information gathered is interpreted in terms of the risk for specific cancers, assessment for an inherited cancer susceptibility syndrome, risk to children and other relatives, and options for screening and genetic testing. © 2005-2021 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO). It may also be called supportive care. Refers to cells that have the potential to become cancerous. Refers to a disease or condition that persists, often slowly, over a long time. Medicare is divided into four parts: Parts A, B, C, and D. Part A covers in-patient hospital care. Cancer Terms Cancer, Neoplasia, Tumor, Neoplasm. Often called “health care reform,” this is a 2010 federal law that changed certain rules regarding health insurance coverage in the United States. It uses materials made either by the body or in a laboratory to improve, target, or restore immune system function. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. This is a type of government health insurance for people with low incomes who meet certain conditions. Childhood cancers are different to the cancers that occur in adults – dedicated research is needed. Both lifetime and annual caps were eliminated under the Affordable Care Act. Refers to symptoms that start and worsen quickly but do not last over a long time. With the help of our Cancer Center physicians and the National Cancer Institute, we explain some of the more common cancer-related terms. -Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the United States, after skin cancer. Lymphoma begins when cells in the lymph system change and grow uncontrollably. Lung (1.76 million deaths) 2. A group of more than 100 different diseases that can begin almost anywhere in the body, characterized by abnormal cell growth and the ability to invade nearby tissues. Hippocrates first described cancer as having a central body with the tendency to reach out and spread like "the arms of a crab." Medicare participants can go to www.medicare.gov to learn about Medicare open enrollment. Now when you hear a word like osteosarcoma, which is a malignant cancer of the bone, it's a bit easier to understand. Medicare Advantage plans, or Part C, are insurance plans managed by private, approved companies. ; There are over 200 types of cancer. A tumor can be benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous, meaning it can spread to other parts of the body). Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. This term is often used in the context of scientific research. “Distant recurrence” refers to cancer that has come back and has spread to other parts of the body, usually by traveling through the lymph system or bloodstream. with your doctor to keep track of the cancer treatment you received. The amount of approved health care costs an insured patient must pay out-of-pocket each year before the health care plan begins paying any costs. The prognosis of different cancers is highly variable. Childhood cancers represent around 1% of allcancers, though in terms of life years that may be saved by curing children with cancer this proportion is much higher. For example, an 80/20 co-insurance rate means that the insurance company pays 80% of approved health care costs, and the patient pays the remaining 20% of costs out-of-pocket. This may include regular physical examinations and/or medical tests to monitor the patient’s recovery for the coming months and years. Cancer is the leading cause of death in children aged 1-14 years in the UK and survivors can face a lifetime of serious health issues as a result of the intensive treatments used to treat their cancer. The measure of time after treatment during which no sign of cancer is found. Learn more about stages of cancer. Sometimes a tumor is formed. If a doctor's fees for a service are higher than average, the patient must pay the difference. Adenocarcinoma: Specific form of breast cancer arising in gland-forming tissue. Insurance companies also employ case managers. It may also be called biologic therapy. Bone cancer (including osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma) Other types of cancers are rare in children, but they do happen sometimes. Breast (627 000 deaths) ; Anything that may cause a normal body cell to develop abnormally potentially can cause cancer; general categories of cancer-related or causative agents are as follows: chemical or toxic compound exposures, ionizing radiation, some pathogens, and human genetics. A professional who helps patients with cancer and their family members cope with everyday tasks and challenges before, during, and after treatment. Carcinoma Cancer. Cancer refers to any one of a large number of diseases characterized by the development of abnormal cells that divide uncontrollably and have the ability to infiltrate and destroy normal body tissue. Learn more about, Services and resources that help a person with cancer obtain the best physical, social, psychological, and work-related functioning during and after cancer treatment. Learn more about cancer, A personalized schedule of follow-up examinations and tests that the doctor recommends after a patient’s active treatment period ends. The use of drugs to kill cancer cells. A type of cancer treatment designed to boost the body's natural defenses to fight the cancer. Since 2014, insurance plans cannot deny coverage or charge people extra because of a pre-existing condition. Grading is done by a pathologist who looks at sample tissue from the … The amount of the co-pay is set by the insurance provider, not the doctor's office. Learn more about statistics used to estimate risk and recommend screening. A set fee, in dollars, that an insurance provider requires a patient to pay each time care is received. Health Maintenance Organization; a type of private health insurance. Learn more about dealing with cancer recurrence. Other cancers such as bone tumours, Hodgkin's disease, and cervical cancer are more common in younger adults. 7 Common Cancers. It is also called hormonal therapy or endocrine therapy. Both lifetime and annual caps were eliminated under the Affordable Care Act. Learn more at www.medicare.gov. Lung cancer is largely caused by tobacco smoke. A cancer of the blood. A mass formed when normal cells begin to change and grow uncontrollably. Possible signs and symptoms include a lump, abnormal bleeding, prolonged cough, unexplained weight loss, and a change in bowel movements. Cancer that has spread outside the layer of tissue in which it started and has the potential to grow into other tissues or parts of the body, also called infiltrating cancer. Learn more about survival statistics. Develop a survivorship care plan with your doctor using ASCO forms. In the UK, the 4 most common types of cancer are: breast cancer; lung cancer; prostate cancer; bowel cancer Lung cancer (pulmonary carcinoma) is the most common cancer in the world, both in terms of cases (1.6 million cases; 12.7% of total cancer cases) and deaths (1.4 million deaths; 18.2% of total cancer deaths). Learn more about, Chance of recovery; a prediction of the outcome of a disease. But survival rates are improving for many types of cancer, thanks to improvements in cancer screening and cancer treatment. Colorectal (1.80 million cases) 4. While some may be familiar, knowing the precise meaning can give you, your family and loved ones, a better understanding of your diagnosis. Transportation and childcare during treatment are two common associated costs for people with cancer. Lung (2.09 million cases) 2. Cancer is a condition where cells in a specific part of the body grow and reproduce uncontrollably. You have the right to ask your insurance company to conduct a full and fair review of its decision, known as an internal review. Health care providers or facilities that are not part of an HMO or PPO plan's approved list or network are considered “out of network.” Out-of-network care often costs patients more than in-network care and may involve a deductible and require pre-approval for certain services. 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